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Medical Leeches for hypertension

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How leeches help with hypertension

Causes of hypertension
Stages of hypertension and underlying symptoms
Application of leeches for the treatment of hypertension
Zones of posing leeches
How to put leeches correctly

Hypertension is a prolonged increase in blood pressure without any specific diseases of the internal organs. At this stage in the development of medicine, there is no universal method of treating the disease.

Usually, doctors treat hypertension with tablets. But sometimes leeches are used for hypertension.

According to the World Health Organization, hypertension is sick no less than 25% of people. Normal pressure is considered to be from 110 to 70 to 130 by 90 mm Hg. Art. According to the WHO recommendations, the doctor diagnoses hypertension in a person if for a long period (at least two weeks) the patient has a pressure of about 140 to 90 mm Hg. Art.

Causes of hypertension
Causes of hypertension Doctors still do not know the exact causes of the onset of hypertension. The risk factors include:

Work on environmentally harmful industries;
Genetic predisposition;
Frequent stress;
Mental traumas;
Malnutrition, in particular - frequent consumption of large amounts of fatty foods;
Smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction;
Old age.

There is also a so-called secondary hypertension - a prolonged increase in blood pressure due to disruption of the liver, heart and endocrine system. Doctors say that secondary hypertension accounts for about 10% of cases of complaints of high blood pressure

Stages of hypertension and underlying symptoms
There are three stages in the development of the disease:

Hypertension: Treament & CareStages of hypertension and the main symptoms The first stage. At this stage of the disease, all internal organs have normal dimensions. The pressure can rise sharply in case of experiencing negative emotions, after which the pressure itself returns to normal.
The second stage. The left ventricle of the heart usually increases. The pressure usually rises sharply in the case of experiencing negative emotions. For its normalization, you need to take special pills or herbs.
The third stage. Pressure can rise dramatically for any reason. To reduce it, you should take special pills or herbs. Increased pressure leads to such complications - frequent headaches, heart failure, cerebral circulation and myocardial infarction.
Also in a number of cases, the first stage of the disease can be observed such symptoms:

Frequent headaches in the occiput;
Heaviness in the head;
Sleep disturbances;
Memory impairment;
Visual impairment.

Sometimes doctors for the treatment of hypertension use the method of bloodletting. In its therapeutic meaning, this method of treatment is similar to another method - the use of medical leeches. Bleeding and the use of leeches pursue one goal - the removal of excess blood from the body. The medical meaning of bloodletting and leeches with hypertension is as follows:

Reducing blood pressure by reducing the amount of blood;
Increased blood flow;
Improvement of metabolic processes;
Improving oxygen metabolism.

To date, doctors rarely prescribe the use of leeches for the treatment of hypertension, giving preference to various medications. However, in a number of cases, doctors can still prescribe leeches.

Consider the effectiveness of hirudotherapy (the scientific name of the method of using leeches) at various stages of hypertension:

Application of leeches for the treatment of hypertension:

The use of hirudotherapy at the first stage of the disease gives practically a 100% effect. After the course of treatment, the pressure returns to normal. At this stage hirudotherapy can be used as the main method of treatment.
The use of hirudotherapy in the second stage of the disease is also justified. The best result is the use of leeches in combination with taking medications that lower blood pressure.
The use of hirudotherapy in the third stage of the disease is practically meaningless. At this stage of the development of the disease, special medications that the qualified doctor will choose are best for treatment.
With hirudotherapy, the leech not only absorbs excess blood, but also enriches the circulatory system of man with the following useful substances:

Hirudin - this peptide reduces blood clotting and reduces the likelihood of blood clots in the blood vessels.
Apyrase - this compound reduces the number of atherosclerotic plaques in the vessels by destroying cholesterol and some other compounds from which these plaques are synthesized.
Destabilase - is a collection of substances (antistasin, caleline and others) that destroy the already existing thrombi.
Orgelase - this substance promotes the regeneration of blood vessel cells and cardiac muscle. For this reason, this substance helps to heal wounds after heart attacks and strokes.
A large number of histamine-like compounds that dilate the vessels, which leads to normalization of pressure.

Zones of posing leeches
Care should be taken when using leeches, as misuse of leeches can lead to complications. Leeches with hypertension should be placed on special points to avoid the occurrence of complications. Usually the treatment is as follows:

Zones of setting leeches

Hypertension: Treament & CareThe first leeches behind the ears. For each ear you need to place 2-3 leeches. Doctors advise not to put leeches very close to the auricle, as leeches can damage important venous vessels. To facilitate the installation of leeches behind the ears, doctors advise using tubes or jars with a narrow neck. The number of sessions is 2 or 3.
Then leeches put in the area of ​​the rhomb Michaelis. It is necessary to place 2-3 leeches. The number of sessions is 2 or 3. In the end, put leeches in the coccyx. It is necessary to place 3-5 leeches. The number of sessions is no more than 5.

In the presence of concomitant diseases, the number of sessions can be increased or decreased (this is determined by the attending physician individually). Older people should take special care when using leeches.

To reduce the likelihood of complications, doctors advise elderly people not to put leeches in the area of ​​rhomb Michaelis. After hirudotherapy, the patient is usually immediately relieved by the normalization of blood pressure. In order to consolidate the resulting therapeutic result, doctors sometimes advise to undergo a second course of treatment after 3 months.

How to put leeches correctly

To properly put a leech, doctors advise to keep on hand several important tools:

Medical tweezers;
A clean glass, a test tube or jar with a narrow neck;
A small cotton swab that is impregnated with iodine or hydrogen peroxide;
A large piece of cotton wool;
Band-work, bandage, gauze;
A small clean pot.

Perform the installation of leeches in the following order:

Put the right amount of leeches in a small jar.
Using tweezers, apply the leech to the desired area of ​​the skin. Instead of tweezers, you can use a tube or jar with a narrow neck.

How to put leeches correctlyHow to put leeches correctly When the leech is on the skin, cover it with a clean glass so that the leech does not crawl away to another place. The glass must be pressed tightly against the skin, so that there is no gap between the skin and the glass through which the leech could escape.
Wait for the leech to adhere to the body. As soon as the patient feels pain from the bite, the glass should be removed.
Now you need to go to the first step and place all the leeches.
When all leeches are placed, you need to wait 20-30 minutes. During this time leeches will pump blood. Remove the full leeches with tweezers by placing them in a jar or clean bag.
In very rare cases, the leech does not want to fall off on its own. In this case, bring a small cotton swab with iodine to the leech. Because leeches do not like iodine, they will start to crawl away. Remove the leech with tweezers.
Now you need to process the wound. To do this, apply a piece of cotton wool iodine or hydrogen peroxide. Attach it to the wound with a patch. If you can not fix the cotton on the skin, use a bandage and gauze.
After the procedure, the wound will bleed slightly for several days. This should not scare the patient. Usually this small bleeding takes place 1-2 days after the procedure.
If after 1-2 days after the procedure you have itchy skin, apply iodine mesh.





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