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History hirudotherapy

History hirudotherapy has its roots in antiquity. Tens of centuries mankind has used medicinal leeches in various, sometimes unexpected, to: therapeutic, prophylactic, mystical, bioenergy, cosmetic. History of hirudotherapy is as ancient as the history of medicine, and as the history of humanity itself. References to the use of leeches and the treatment they are found in many ancient historical dokumet almost all nations of the world.

In the Chinese sources dating from the V millennium BC, contains information that leech effectively helps with the disease, which today can be identified with cancer. In India, and in South - East Asia and Indonesia can meet a lot of prints, where Sri Dhanvantari holds in one of his four hands (many-armed - a sign of the divine essence) medical leech.

Documentary mention of the medical use of leeches found in medical texts of ancient India - Ayurveda, such as the Charak Samhita, Susrut Samhita (Su.Su. 13), Astang Sangrah (ASSu.37), Astang Hridaya (AHSu.26), Sharangdhar Samhita (Sa.Sam.Ut.12).

In Utonge (principality on the territory of present-day Thailand) leeches were considered a remedy against obesity. The libraries of Thailand today kept ancient manuscripts, according to which, after five sessions hirudotherapy person loses weight by 5 to 10 kg. And today some girudoterapevt specialize on solving the problem of excess weight.

In the "Book of Metrvyh" Ancient Egypt says that leeches are first greeted the god Ra when it appears on the surface of the primordial waters of Nun. There is historical evidence that the goddess Nekhebit and Wedge used leeches to master magnetic force and the return of youth. In ancient Egypt, it was believed that the leech is able to treat and is an attribute of the active forces that govern the world. On the orders of the Egyptian ruler Ptolemy-I (IV century BC) in the ponds of leeches caught and sold them in Asia and Africa. Leech fishing at the time was one of the most important articles of national income in Egypt. Significant role played in this fishery and the policy pursued by the queen Cleopatra (69-30 AD) in connection with the "miraculous" healing her. In order to retain the throne she had to resort to the help of Julius Caesar, whose wife she later became. She had to give birth to an heir, but Cleopatra could not get pregnant. All known means were tried: ointments, potions, rituals, spells. But only after a few sessions of treatment with leeches, held by the Greek physician Cleomenes, Cleopatra was able to conceive and give birth to Caesar's heir. Later, Cleopatra gave birth to two more sons and a daughter. In honor of her healing was ordered to represent a leech on the walls of the tombs of the next 10 generations of Egyptian pharaohs.

A very popular and was a leech, and in ancient Rome. Her image can be found on ancient vases and figures, mention of it are found in the manuscripts of the Roman connoisseurs of medical affairs. For example, Pliny - statesman, historian and writer, author of the 37-volume encyclopedic study "Natural History", in the 20th and 32nd tells volumes about medicines and treatments leech them.

In the ancient East, leeches were seen as guardians of religious sources of life and immortality. Known legend that they guard the entrance to a mysterious cave, which holds the wisdom and the power of humanity. According to this legend, the hair of people who tried to enter the cave that would take possession of the secret of life and immortality, turned into leeches.

In Persia leech depicted as a dual creature - one half is dark and the other light. Chinese physicians were added to this conclusion in that there is a unity of two principles:. "Yin" and "Yang" In one of the ancient Chinese treatises can be found the following lines: "The leech has the support of the world, providing it as material and energy. It is the reason, and imagination, as well as some power of darkness. "

Connoisseurs of ancient Greek history and mythology are well aware that at the gate of Olympus - the mythical residence of the supreme Greek gods - were depicted leeches.

Unexpected brink application of leeches, opened the Florentine chronicler Marchionne di Coppo Stefani (1336-85) (Author, Florentine Chronicle;). At the beginning of the XIV century to his country reached plague epidemic which started in Asia, arrived in Cyprus and then went through many European countries, claiming the lives of millions of people. all the while the medical arsenal of means were tried, but nothing helped. Florentine prince, who believed in the efficacy of leech, announced in his country the order for widespread prophylactic setting leeches absolutely all the inhabitants, even children. To the surprise of many plague receded. Marchionne di Coppo wrote lines that complement the story of the leech, "If we started to use leeches for the treatment of the plague at least a year ago, we would have managed to save the lives of tens of thousands of people."

Traditions girudoterapii embodied in many literary masterpieces. So, Leo Tolstoy's novel "War and Peace" wrote about the medicinal leech lines like:

"Stepan one undershirt shirt sat at the wheel of the chaise, sticking out his lip, he looked like leeches suck in a convex hemisphere of his chest swelled black blood. Near the regiment was a paramedic, smoked, filtering through the teeth of rare tobacco smoke:
- Facilitates?
- From the chest pulls. heart spacious
- Leeches - first means!

For information on how and where to put the leeches in the literature XVIII - XIX centuries, you can find a lot of information. For example the Russian "Medical Journal" for 1838 testifies. "If severe headache, violent delirium, and all this with much red face, we advise to put three leeches behind the ears" A "Medical Newspaper" for 1846 gives the following recommendations: "The simple inflammatory fever, we advise on the gastric side simmered between 3 and 5 piyavits. Then, depending on the age and condition of the patient above and below the lateral line of the abdomen 6 more pieces. "

Of course, each epoch leaves its mark on the features of the treatment of leeches, to the list of diseases for which recommend hirudotherapy and the degree of its popularity. There was a time when every pharmacy in the banks floated leeches. The suitcase each country doctor always had a stock of hungry leeches.

With the development of pharmacology medical leech has ceased to be the official method of healing. Modern doctors prefer faster and less troublesome than a leech, methods of treatment. Modern pharmacological drugs act quickly and simply. However, when the effects of drugs to an end, people often find that the earlier the symptoms are the same. On top of that all of a sudden start to hurt the stomach, liver, kidneys, etc. But the fact that synthetic drugs cause in the majority of patients undesirable side effects -. Cures one, injure another. Despite that orthodox medicine is trying in every way to push its main competitor in the treatment of many diseases - a leech, which leaves the skin of his "victims" of a mysterious sign, three-pointed star similar to the "Mercedes" of the company logo. Well, how could abandon the excess profits by pharmaceutical companies and wealthy and corporations?

But we all know that "everything new is well forgotten old". And one of the most effective, proven by centuries of healing available resources created by nature itself again becomes more and more popular. Everything from traditional healers and ending orthodox doctors recognize its main advantage, the lack of side effects and complications. The very nature of using leeches to protect them from humans. After a few sessions hirudotherapy person feels much better. In addition ulusheniya state of the main disease improves sleep, improves mood, appetite appears there is some internal Wake up, a burst of energy, I want to live, create and love. The main thing is what modern scholars agree in different countries; leech from ancient times to the present day has been and is the most secure, proven, durable and effective in treating a variety of diseases.

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